Health and Social Care
Key Stage 4
Exam board: OCR
OCR Level 1/2 Cambridge National Certificate in Health and Social Care
Cambridge Nationals are vocationally related qualifications that take an engaging, practical and inspiring approach to learning and assessment. The qualification in Health and Social Care has been designed to provide a broad basis for further education or training for employment within the health and social care sector. In addition, the topics covered increase the student’s social awareness.
The qualification consists of one external exam and three portfolio units.
They address many aspects of personal health and social development, where the students gain an insight into their own health and well-being as well as considering difficulties encountered by others. Topics include; child development and early years education, communication difficulties and physical changes in later adulthood.
Unit RO22: Communicating and working with individuals in health, social care and early years settings (PORTFOLIO UNIT)
This unit involves learning about how to communicate well with different client groups in care settings, including those with disabilities. Specific tasks include writing scripts and performing role plays to demonstrate effective communication.
Unit RO21: Essential values of care for use with individuals in care settings (EXAM UNIT)
This unit involves learning about how to treat clients in care well. Specific topics include; protecting children from abuse, promoting equality in the workplace, the importance of confidentiality and implementing hygiene and health and safety policies.
Unit RO23: Body Systems and diseases (PORTFOLIO UNIT)
This unit involves researching and producing annotated diagrams of the three body systems; the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system and the digestive system. Students also have to research diseases and medical conditions which can affect these systems, including strokes, angina, asthma, cystic fibrosis and types of cancer.
Unit R025: Understanding Life Stages (PORTFOLIO UNIT)
This unit involves studying different age groups and learning to consider the challenges people face at different times in their life. Specific topics include; child development, adolescence and puberty, the menopause, diseases of old age, genetic diseases and mental health conditions.
Key Stage 5
This qualification is for learners 16 years old or over who want to study health science, social care or childcare. This qualification is the equivalent of one A Level and students study units which provide the breadth of knowledge, understanding and skills to prepare them to study in a Higher Education Institution either on a health and social care-related degree course or to support an application for a range of other degree courses. Learners will also develop transferable skills such as communication, research, planning and organisation.
Unit 1: Building positive relationships in health and social care (PORTFOLIO)
This unit aims to introduce learners to the many different relationships that they will encounter within the Health and Social Care sector, whether with colleagues, senior members of staff, other professionals within the sector and individuals who require care and support. Learners will apply communication and relationship building skills in a practical way, considering how different factors, including context, can impact upon the building of positive relationships. Learners will also be introduced to the concept of the person-centred approach, which will help with their relationship building.
Unit 2: Equality, diversity and rights in health and social care (EXAM)
This unit will help learners to understand the implications of diversity on practice and also the effects of discriminatory practice on individuals who require care or support. Learners will also gain an appreciation of how legislation and national initiatives can support anti-discriminatory practice. Strategies used to promote equality, respect diversity and support individuals’ rights will be examined. Learners will develop the ability to recognise both good practice, and discriminatory practice in care situations.
Unit 3: Health, safety and security in health and social care (EXAM)
This unit introduces learners to health, safety and security in health and social care. Learners will acquire the necessary knowledge and skills to equip them in maintaining a safe working environment for themselves, their colleagues and individuals who require care and support. Learners will learn how legislation, policies and procedures work to reduce risks in health and social care and the consequences of not following them. They will also learn how to respond to different incidents and emergencies within health and social care settings.
Unit 4: Anatomy and physiology for health and social care (EXAM)
This unit aims to introduce learners to the basic structure and functions of the body systems involved in everyday activities and maintenance of health, including cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive systems. Learners will also understand the part played by organs such as the pancreas, liver and kidney. They will investigate the systems and organs involved in detecting and responding to change such as the nervous system as well as the eyes and ears.
Unit 5: Infection Control (PORTFOLIO)
In this unit learners will learn about the importance of infection control, be introduced to methods to prevent the spread of infection and be able to apply this in the workplace.
Unit 10: Nutrition for health (PORTFOLIO)
This unit introduces nutritional health and the components of good nutrition. Learners will have the opportunity to scrutinise different foods, consider their health benefits and investigate how to support other people to follow dietary advice to impact their health and wellbeing.
Entry requirements: Level 4 in English and Science